The branches of the three main terminal branches of the brachial plexus can be difficult to remember. Even worse is trying to remember where all of those pesky compression points are and why it is that you get some symptoms with some and not others. This diagram attempts to clarify the branches of the radialmedianand ulnar nerves and where they can get squished along the way. There are of course, slight anatomic variations, but this is a good starting point.
Most interestingly is John Strutherswhose namesake structures compress the median nerve as a ligament and the ulnar nerve as an arcade. The most common use for vancomycin is in invasive Gram positive infections. This is where vancomycin can get tricky, because you are aiming for a target trough between dose serum concentrations.
This usually works out to g IV Q12H. If the kidneys are not working well, reduce the dose. There are many different variations of RRTbut the main principles behind it can be quite simple.
The setup involves a semipermeable membrane that can allow water and some water-soluble molecules to pass.
Blood will flow on one side of the membrane, under pressure, while the dialysate contains glucose and some electrolytes generally flows on the other side in the opposite direction. This creates a suitable concentration gradient for unwanted molecules to pass into the dialysate, while excess water is forced across the membrane based on the amount of pressure is applied by the dialysis circuit. Hypothermia is when you get really cold. Generally, hypothermia is defined as a core temperature less than 35C 95F.
The Swiss staging system is fairly commonly used for correlating core temperature and clinical signs:. Healthy people have fairly effective mechanisms for maintaining a normal temperature 37C; 99F e. Some comorbid patients can develop hypothermia even in a warm environment Secondary Hypothermia. For instance, severely-burned patients can have increased heat loss, while acute spinal cord injury can impair peripheral thermoregulation.
For the development of hypothermia, it is sometimes helpful to remember that heat can be lost by 4 physical mechanisms:. Waveform capnography is a commonly used monitor in the operating room, and is increasingly seen in non-operating room environments too! The capnographic waveform can be described as having several phases:.
Tumescent is a dilute solution of lidocaine, epinephrine, and sodium bicarbonate that is injected in the subcutaneous tissue fat. The epinephrine is the most important ingredient as it causes vasoconstriction, this means that the blood loss that could be a big problem for large procedures like burn surgery and liposuction becomes much less of a big deal.
There are a few different recipes for tumescent anesthesia, the one presented in the doodle is the one first outlined by Klein, some use more or less lidocaine or epinephrine. The carpal bone ossify aka turn into bone aka magically become visible on an x-ray in a predictable order. The easiest way to remember is that it starts at the capitate smack dab in the middle and then goes in a ulnarly-directed spiral.
I know I could have been fancier with changing the length of the metacarpals or their growth plates, but it was more fun to make the animated gif. A positive test can be caused by scapholunate ligament laxity or injury. Paracentesis is the process of drawing out fluid from the peritoneum.
It is useful for diagnosing ascites when its cause is unclear, and the procedure be used to therapeutically remove large volumes of ascites fluid. While it is overall a quite safe procedure, the risks of paracentesis include: bleeding, bowel or bladder perforation, persistent ascites fluid leak, infection. Paracentesis is usually done in a lateral decubitus position or supine, for large volumes. The level of the ascites fluid is percussed and a needle is inserted in either in the midline cm below umbilicus or lateral lower quadrant lateral to rectus abdominus muscle, cm superomedial to anterior superior iliac spine.
This positioning prevents puncture of the inferior epigastric arteries; visible superficial veins and surgical scars should be avoided too. To reduce risk of ascites fluid leak, the needle is inserted either with a z-tracking techniqueor at a degree angle.Put "Zank Step Decks", "Zanki Pharmacology", and "Lolnotacop" under a head deck "AnKing" see image below It is important that all of your decks are spelled exactly like this.
This ensures that when you import the cards that I have added, they go into the correct decks instead of creating new decks. Go back to the Anki Main screen with the decks, add, browse buttons across the top a. It will look like nothing happened. This is because it imported a subdeck into the AnKing deck with 1 card which can be deleted. Click Browse i. If at any point, it tells you that you have to force the update to either download from the web or upload to the web - hit cancel.
You can do it at the end. If it starts to sync, hit the Red X. Ensure that the following match up with the correct drop-down box: 1. Everything should be correct but if not, change it to match vi.
Hit Okay e. Select the Cloze — AnKingSketchy i. Ensure that the following match up with the correct drop down box: 1. Make sure everything is correctly matched up 2. If you have tags of your own that you do not want to get overridden, watch this video for how to do that. At this point, you need to export all cards with the tag s you want to keep using the "export cards selected in browser" add-on or if you're on Anki 2. I strongly recommend using the bettertags add-on if you have multiple tags so that you can put all of those tags under one head tag and only export one tag.
AnKingMaster Card Type b. Current AnKing version c. Pepper Micro d. Pepper Pharm e.Studying day in and day out is tough, but every once in a while I come across a new USMLE resource and that really perks me up. So I thought I would share these with you, and maybe you can benefit from it. You can even edit it to suit your needs! The checklist is here. Feel free to take a look and see if anything in there surprises you.
I learn really well from videos or so I thinkso I love to use them. For most of the resources I listed below, all the topics they cover are listed on their website — check them out! If you need tips on how to get started, or you want to learn some new tricks and tips, check out this blog post on Anki. Please note that Anki can be tricky to get the hang of at first.
Maybe you found something new and helpful? And please share your favorites below! January 21, August 2, September 4, Your sources are so helpful and motivating! Keep it up!
Largest Free Medical Videos Database
You are my sincere motivation! Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address. Skip to content Featured Posts 7. I used the Express videos and did some of the Qbank questions as well. I like it a lot and use it to really solidify concepts that I feel weak in i. Sattar makes the subject so digestible and logical.Your time is valuable.
It's important to carefully evaluate the exam study tools you choose, so you know how they stack up. But, have no fear, we've done the hard work for you! Take a look at Picmonic vs. Learn more about Picmonic and Sketchy, and choose the retention-building tool that's right for you. Sign up here. Osmosis vs Firecracker. Email us at contact medstudenttips. Med Student Tips gives students just like you the best tips and tricks for your medical school journey today!
We continually compile helpful information about the top resources, apps, and tools to use during medical school. No need to spend hours deciding how to study most effectively - we've got you covered. Picmonic for Medicine vs SketchyMedical Better than flashcards. Content Coverage. Learning Methodology.
Broad library and includes quizzing, Spaced Repetition, real medical imagery, and create your own images. Detailed information while illustrating an image of memory anchors. Videos are up to 30 minutes each. Low stakes testing and spaced repetition helps increase retention as you study. Customize or Edit Your Content. Mobile On-the-Go and Offline Learning. Ease of Use. Research Proven. For more information and up-to-date reviews, signup for our newsletter.
About Med Student Tips gives students just like you the best tips and tricks for your medical school journey today! Content mapped to pre-defined chapters.
Access to community added facts, resources, and flashcards. Frequently updated based on Community Feedback Access prior versions of videos after major changes. Updates unknown website contains no information pertaining to updates. Play Video Review. Both utilize: Recurring symbols Concept grouping. Tracked by: fact topic category course. Tracked by: topic chapter. Offline Access Gym Mode. Mobile web browser only. Related videos linked.This is why outside resources during your preclinical years are so valuable and so important!
Outside resources function in a number of ways. Firstly, outside resources are concise, covering only the essential points of what you need to know for your exams. Secondly, they provide a skeleton or framework for organizing information. Learn More. One of my professors told us the best way to guarantee doing well on Step 1 is to memorize this book from cover to cover. Get yourself the newest edition so it will still be up-to-date when you take Step in a few years.
How to use it : The condensed format of FA lends itself to quizzing yourself and reviewing material. FA is also organized very well, with lots of charts and tables, so I like using it to see where small details fit into the bigger picture. Pro tip : Annotate First Aid with notes as you learn, so that when Step comes around, you have all of your information in one place.
Boards and Beyond was created by Dr. Ryan, a cardiologist at the University of Connecticut, to be a complete online resource for all topics on Step 1. An online subscription gives you access to videos and quizzes that you can take after each video. How to use it: BnB teaches everything — from physiology to pathology.
Use it to learn material along with your coursework. Sometimes when I struggle with a certain topic from class, watching one BnB video will clear up my confusion in just a few minutes. BnB is lengthy and thorough, which makes it great for a first pass but not for a quick review.
Pathoma was created by Dr.
MedSchool + Anki
Sattar, a pathology professor at UChicago, to teach pathology to medical students. How to use it : For all things pathology!
I like to watch the videos as I take notes in the book. How not to use it : To learn physiology. How do you remember the symptoms of thiamine deficiency? By picturing a man working out some seriously thin thighs, or thigh-amines, at the gym. Word associations and picture mnemonics are all the rage among medical students these days, and they really do work. Pixorize builds visual mnemonics to help you easily memorize all the high-yield factoids and little details in biochemistry, genetics, and the basic sciences.
How to use it : Watch their step-by-step videos on Pixorize. Alternatively, use them in your USMLE dedicated study period as a quick review of biochemistry and the basic sciences tested on the Step 1! How not to use it : Visual mnemonics are excellent for creating associations and tying facts to diseases, but they cannot fully substitute higher-level understanding.
Be sure to learn the high-level concepts what does autosomal dominant inheritance even mean? Pro tip : Pixorize announces new videos via Facebookwhich are often free-to-view for a limited period. Like them on Facebook to catch these free releases! SketchyMedical also uses visual associations in their videos to help people remember facts, but they are better used to learn microbiology and pharmacology. How to use it : SketchyMicro focuses on microbiology and SketchyPharm focuses on drugs.So I thought I would share these with you, and maybe you can benefit from it.
You can even edit it to suit your needs! The checklist can be found here. Resources from Day Collecting UWorld Tidbits. Feel free to take a look and see if anything in there surprises you. Onto the Resources: Videos.Learn Niemann-Pick Disease Faster with Picmonic (USMLE, Step 1, Step 2 CK)
I learn really well from videos or so I thinkso I love to use them. For most of the resources I listed below, all the topics they cover can be found on their website — be sure to check them out!
Pre-made Anki Decks.
If you need tips on how to get started, or you want to learn some new tricks and tips, check out this blog post on Anki. The kind-heartedness of people on Reddit never ceases to amaze me — click here for the link to the files! March 3, April 28, February 6, Thank you for always being real and sharing your journey for others to follow!!
Thanks and good luck! Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address. Skip to content General 5. I used the Express videos and did some of the Qbank questions as well. I like it a lot and use it to really solidify concepts that I feel weak in i.
Pathoma : the king of pathology, Dr. Sattar makes the subject so digestible and logical. I love his videos and I have the book, so I use them together. Check out my blog post on why Sketchy is amazing here. I do 40 questions a day, and for a closer and messier look at how a study day goes, check out my live Insta video. All of their videos were recently made free, which I think is incredible. Like this: Like Loading Free March Medical-Themed Wallpapers!
Anonymous says:. November 20, at pm. Alexa says:. Ana cristina Soto says:. December 11, at pm. December 12, at am.The studying modality taking over medical education. Learn how to effectively and efficiently integrate Anki into your medical education.
The intent of this website is to serve as an orientation and guide to using Anki in med school as well as to provide information on other Step 1 and Step 2 resources. Anki is a studying aid created by Damien Elmes.
It is a flashcard app that uses a novel spaced repetititon algorithm to maximize learning. A study published a few years ago showed that the more Anki flashcards students did, the higher their board scores were. Students across the country have begun using Anki to supplement other studying methods.
The beauty of using Anki in medical school is that in addition to being able to create your own flashcards, there are several pre-made decks that generous students have created and shared. A list of these decks with descriptions and the history behind them is listed below. A thorough guide created by a student Shamim Ahmed also exists on how to incoporate Anki into your daily study routine in medical school.
Additionally, a new Youtube channel called "The AnKing" has created 39 videos and counting with detailed videos tailored to mediccal students to help them use Anki. This is a great resource if you're just starting out with Anki or would like to learn some new tricks. The deck is intended to cover all relevant physiology and pathology for boards.
Along with the Brosencephalon deck brosencephalon. The biggest topic missing is the cancer pharmacology section. Using one or the other is a matter of personal preference. Boards and Beyond is very comprehensive of the material covered on Step 1 and has the related pages in First Aid cited. This new deck seems to be entering the "gold standard" tier that the Zanki Step 1 and Brosencephalon decks are in for covering most topics for Step 1 using Anki.
Read this to learn more about the Lightyear Anki deck Download Duke's Pathoma Anki Deck A deck to learn pathology primarily based off of Pathoma with images form several different resources. Read this to learn more about the Duke Anki deck. Intended to supplement SketchyMicro i. Watch this video to learn how to use the Pepper decks. Intended to supplement SketchyPharm i. Created by UCsultanpepper and based off of Pathoma.